Dr Andrew Flewitt, Electronic Devices & Materials Group

Publications

X. Zhao, F. Pan, G.M. Ashley, L. Garcia-Gancedo, J. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne and J.R. Lu, 'Label-free detection of human prostate-specific antigen (hPSA) using film bulk acoustic resonators (FBARs)', Sens. Act. B, 190, 946-953 (2014) doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2013.09.064.

L. Garcia-Gancedo, W.I. Milne, J.K. Luo and A.J. Flewitt, 'Sensors based on SAW and FBAR technologies', Proc. SPIE, 8793 (2013)

L. García-Gancedo, J. Pedrós, E. Iborra, M. Clement, X.B. Zhao, J. Olivares, J. Capilla, J.K. Luo, J.R. Lu, W.I. Milne and A.J. Flewitt, 'Direct comparison of the gravimetric responsivities of ZnO-based FBARs and SMRs', Sens. Act. B, 183, 136-143 (2013) doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2013.03.085.

X.L. He, L. Garcia-Gancedo, P.C. Jin, J. Zhou, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne and J.K. Luo, 'A single FBAR-based temperature and pressure sensors', Key Eng. Mater., 562-565, 188-191 (2013)

A. Kiani, D.G. Hasko, W.I. Milne and A.J. Flewitt, 'Analysis of amorphous indium-gallium-zinc-oxide thin-film transistor contact metal using Pilling-Bedworth theory and a variable capacitance diode model', Appl. Phys. Lett., 102, 152102 (2013)

F.M. Li, B.C. Bayer, S. Hofmann, S.P. Speakman, C. Ducati, W.I. Milne and A.J. Flewitt, 'High-density remote plasma sputtering of high-dielectric-constant amorphous hafnium oxide films', phys. status solidi b, 250, 957-967 (2013) doi:10.1002/pssb.201248520.

H.-F. Pang, L. Garcia-Gancedo, Y.Q. Fu, S. Porro, Y.-W. Gu, J.K. Luo, X.-T. Zu, F. Placido, J.I.B. Wilson, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Characterization of the surface acoustic wave devices based on ZnO/nanocrystalline diamond structures', phys. status solidi (a), 210, 1575-1583 (2013) doi:10.1002/pssa.201228631.

H.F. Pang, Y.Q. Fu, L. Garcia-Gancedo, S. Porro, J.K. Luo, F. Placido, J.I.B. Wilson, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne and X.T. Zu, 'Enhancement of microfluidic efficiency with nanocrystalline diamond interlayer in the ZnO-based surface acoustic wave device', Microfluid. Nanofluid., 15, 377-386 (2013) doi:10.1007/s10404-013-1155-3.

J. Pedros, L. Garcia-Gancedo, C.J.B. Ford, J.P. Griffiths, G.A.C. Jones and A.J. Flewitt, 'Low attenuation of GHz Rayleigh-like surface acoustic waves in ZnO/GaAs systems immersed in liquid helium', Appl. Phys. Lett., 102, 043507 (2013)

S.M.L. Pfaendler, G. Ercolano, J.L. MacManus-Driscoll and A.J. Flewitt, 'Deposition of Low Stress Amorphous Zinc Tin Oxide at Ambient Temperature Using a Remote Plasma Sputtering Process Suitable for Delicate Substrates', ECS Trans., 50, 73-81 (2013) doi:10.1149/05008.0073ecst.

C. Tsakonas, W. Cranton, F. Li, K. Abusabee, A. Flewitt, D. Koutsogeorgis and R. Ranson, 'Intrinsic photoluminescence from low temperature deposited zinc oxide thin films as a function of laser and thermal annealing', J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys., 46, 095305 (2013)

Z.G. Zhu, L. Garcia-Gancedo, C. Chen, X.R. Zhu, H.Q. Xie, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Enzyme-free glucose biosensor based on low density CNT forest grown directly on a Si/SiO2 substrate', Sens. Actuators, B, 178, 586-592 (2013) doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2012.12.112.

L. Garcia-Gancedo, J. Pedros, E. Iborra, M. Clement, J. Olivares, J. Capilla, J.K. Luo, W.I. Milne and A.J. Flewitt, 'Experimental comparison of FBARs and SMRs responsitivities to mass loadings', in 2012 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium 1545-1548 (2012) doi:10.1109/ultsym.2012.0386.

L. Garcia-Gancedo, J. Pedros, X. Zhao, G.M. Ashley, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Miline, C.J.B. Ford, J.R. Lu and J.K. Luo, 'Dual-mode thin film bulk acoustic wave resonators for gravimetric sensing with temperature compensation', Biosens. Bioelectron., 38, 369-374 (2012)

L. Garcia-Gancedo, J. Pedros, Z. Zhu, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, J.K. Luo and C.J.B. Ford, 'Room-temperature remote-plasma sputtering of c-axis oriented zinc oxide thin films', J. Appl. Phys., 112, 014907 (2012)

X.L. He, L. Garcia-Gancedo, P.C. Jin, J. Zhou, W.B. Wang, S.R. Dong, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Film bulk acoustic resonator pressure sensor with self temperature reference', J. Micromech. Microeng., 22, 125005 (2012)

J. Pedros, L. Garcia-Gancedo, C.J.B. Ford, M.J. Benesh, J.P. Griffiths, G.A.C. Jones and A.J. Flewitt, 'Surface acoustic waves in liquid helium for enhanced single-electron transport applications', in 2012 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS) 1-4 (2012) doi:10.1109/ultsym.2012.0194.

M.E. Swanwick, S.M.-L. Pfaendler, A.I. Akinwande and A.J. Flewitt, 'Near-ultraviolet zinc oxide nanowire sensor using low temperature hydrothermal growth', Nanotechnol., 23, 344009 (2012) doi:doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/34/344009.

X. Zhao, G.M. Ashley, L. Garcia-Gancedo, H. Jin, J. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and J.R. Lu, 'Protein functionalized ZnO thin film bulk acoustic resonator as an odorant biosensor', Sens. Actuators, B, 163, 242-246 (2012)

Z. Zhu, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne and F. Moussy. 'Advanced Carbon Nanotubes and Carbon Nanotube Fibres for Biosensing Applications', in: (Ed.), Smart Nanomaterials for Sensor Applications 126-148, Bentham Science Publishers, 2012.

I.Y.Y. Bu, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'High mobility, bottom gate, nanocrystalline silicon thin film transistors incorporating a nitrogenated incubation layer', Curr. Appl. Phys., 11, 171-175 (2011) doi:10.1016/j.cap.2010.07.001.

L. García-Gancedo, G.M. Ashley, X.B. Zhao, J. Pedrós, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, J.K. Luo, J.R. Lu, C.J.B. Ford and D. Zhang, 'Deposition and characterisation of ultralow-stress ZnO thin films for application in FBAR-based gravimetric biosensors', Int. J. Nanomanufacturing, 7, 371-382 (2011)

L. Garcia-Gancedo, E. Iborra, M. Clement, J. Olivares, Z. Zhu, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, G.M. Ashley, J.K. Luo, X.B. Zhao and J.R. Lu, 'Solidly mounted resonators with carbon nanotube electrodes for biosensing applications', in European Frequency and Time Forum Proceedings (2011)

L. García-Gancedo, Z. Zhu, E. Iborra, M. Clement, J. Olivares, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, G.M. Ashley, J.K. Luo, X.B. Zhao and J.R. Lu, 'AlN-based BAW resonators with CNT electrodes for gravimetric biosensing', Sens. Act. B, 160, 1386-1393 (2011) doi:10.1016/j.snb.2011.09.083.

F.M. Li, B.C. Bayer, S. Hofmann, J.D. Dutson, S.J. Wakeham, M.J. Thwaites, W.I. Milne and A.J. Flewitt, 'Higk-k (k=30) amorphous hafnium oxide films from high rate room temperature deposition', Appl. Phys. Lett., 98, 252903.1-252903.3 (2011)

F.M. Li, R. Waddingham, W.I. Milne, A.J. Flewitt, S. Speakman, J. Dutson, S. Wakeham and M. Thwaites, 'Low Temperature (less than 100 C) Deposited P-Type Cuprous Oxide Thin Films: Importance of Controlled Oxygen and Deposition Energy', Thin Solid Films, 520, 1278-1284 (2011) doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2011.04.192.

J.K. Luo, G.M. Ashley, L. Garcia-Gancedo, P.B. Kirby, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Film bulk acoustic resonator nanosensors for multi-task sensing', Int. J. Nanomanufacturing, 7, 448-462 (2011)

D. Sinha, S. Pisana and A.J. Flewitt, 'Radio frequency magnetic field detection using piezoelectric coupled microcantilevers', Smart Mater. Struct., 20, 025016.1-025016.7 (2011) doi:025016 10.1088/0964-1726/20/2/025016.

X. Zhao, F. Pan, B. Cowsill, J.R. Lu, L. Garcia-Gancedo, A.J. Flewitt, G.M. Ashley and J. Luo, 'Interfacial Immobilization of Monoclonal Antibody and Detection of Human Prostate-Specific Antigen', Langmuir, 27, 7654-7662 (2011) doi:10.1021/la201245q.

Z. Zhu, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Fabrication of Si-based Cantilevers', Commercial Micro Manufacturing, 4, 35-38 (2011)

Z. Zhu, L. Garcia-Gancedo, A.J. Flewitt, F. Moussy, Y. Li and W.I. Milne, 'Design of carbon nanotube fiber microelectrode for glucose biosensing', J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 87, 256-262 (2011)

Z. Zhu, L. Garcia-Gancedo, Q. Liu, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne and F. Moussy, 'Size-tunable porous anodic alumina nano-structure for biosensing', Soft Nanosci. Lett., 1, 55-60 (2011) doi:10.4236/snl.2011.13010.

I.Y.Y. Bu, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Miline, 'Nanocrystalline Silicon Thin Films Fabricated at 80°C by Using Electron Cyclotron Resonance Chemical Vapor Deposition', Plasma Sci. Technol., 12, 608-613 (2010) doi:10.1088/1009-0630/12/5/19.

V. Engels, A. Rachamim, S.H. Dalal, S.M.L. Pfaendler, J.F. Geng, A. Berenguer-Murcia, A.J. Flewitt and A.E.H. Wheatley, 'Nanoparticulate PdZn as a Novel Catalyst for ZnO Nanowire Growth', Nanoscale Res. Lett., 5, 904-907 (2010) doi:10.1007/s11671-010-9567-4.

A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne. 'Flat Panel Displays', in: T. Ryhanen, M. A. Uusitalo, O. Ikkala and A. Karkkainen (Ed.), Nanotechnologies for Future Mobile Devices 213-227, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2010.

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, X.Y. Du, A.J. Flewitt, Y. Li, G.H. Markx, A.J. Walton and W.I. Milne, 'Recent developments on ZnO films for acoustic wave based bio-sensing and microfluidic applications: a review', Sens. Actuator B-Chem., 143, 606-619 (2010) doi:10.1016/j.snb.2009.10.010.

L. Garcia-Gancedo, F. Al-Naimi, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, G.M. Ashley, J.K. Luo, X.B. Zhao and J.R. Lu, 'Fabrication of high-Q film bulk acoustic resonator (FBAR) filters with carbon nanotube (CNT) electrodes', in 2010 International Ultrasonics Symposium 301-304 (2010) doi:10.1109/ultsym.2010.0074.

L. Garcia-Gancedo, J. Pedros, G.M. Ashley, X.B. Zhao, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, J.K. Luo, J.R. Lu and C.J.B. Ford, 'Ultrafast sputtered ZnO films with high kT for acoustic wave devices applications', in IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium 2010 1064-1067 (2010) doi:10.1109/ULTSYM.2010.5935455 .

J.K. Luo, Y.Q. Fu, X.Y. Du, D.S. Lee, S. Maeng, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'ZnO thin film surface acoustic wave based lab-on-a-chip', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1222, 15-26 (2010)

T. Mellow, A. Karkkainen and A.J. Flewitt, Apparatus Incorporating and Adsorbent Material, and Methods of Making Same, Pat. No. WO 2010/015725 A1 (Nokia Corporation, Worldwide, 2010).

N.S. Staack and A.J. Flewitt, 'Influence of Process Route on Membrane Profile and Q-Factor of an Acoustic Resonator Sensor', in Eurosensor XXIV Conference (ed. B. V. M. J. Jakoby) 1388-1391 (2010) doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2010.09.374.

Q. Wang, B. Yan, A.J. Flewitt, C.-C. Tasi and S. Higashi. Q. Wang, B. Yan, A.J. Flewitt, C.-C. Tasi and S. Higashi (eds.) Amorphous and Polycrystalline Thin-Film SIlicon Science and Technology 2010 (Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA, 2010).

X.Y. Du, Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Microfluidic pumps employing surface acoustic waves generated in ZnO thin films', J. Appl. Phys., 105, 024508.1-024508.7 (2009)

X.Y. Du, M.E. Swanwick, Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, D.S. Lee, S. Maeng and W.I. Milne, 'Surface acoustic wave induced streaming and pumping in 128 degrees Y-cut LiNbO3 for microfluidic applications', J. Micromech. Microeng., 19, 10 (2009) doi:035016 10.1088/0960-1317/19/3/035016.

A.J. Flewitt, J.D. Dutson, P. Beecher, D. Paul, S.J. Wakeham, M.E. Vickers, C. Ducati, S.P. Speakman, W.I. Milne and M.J. Thwaites, 'Stability of Thin Film Transistors Incorporating a Zinc Oxide or Indium Zinc Oxide Channel Deposited by a High Rate Sputtering Process', Semicond. Sci. Technol., 24, 085002.1-085002.7 (2009)

A.J. Flewitt, J. Hou, A. Nathan, Q. Wang and S. Uchikoga. A.J. Flewitt, J. Hou, A. Nathan, Q. Wang and S. Uchikoga (eds.) Amorphous and Polycrystalline Thin-Film Silicon Science and Technology - 2009 (Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA, 2009).

Y.Q. Fu, A. Colli, A. Fasoli, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, A.C. Ferrari and W.I. Milne, 'Deep reactive ion etching as a tool for nanostructure fabrication', J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 27, 1520-1526 (2009) doi:10.1116/1.3065991.

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, X.Y. Du, A.J. Flewitt, Y. Li, G.H. Markx, A.J. Walton and W.I. Milne, 'Recent developments on ZnO films for acoustic wave based bio-sensing and microfluidic applications: a review', Sens. Act. B, 143, 606-619 (2009)

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, W.M. Huang, S. Zhang, H.J. Du and W.I. Milne, 'Thin film shape memory alloys and microactuators', Int. J. Comp. Mat. Sci. Surf. Eng., 2, 208-226 (2009)

J.K. Luo, Y.Q. Fu, Y. Li, X.Y. Du, A.J. Flewitt, A.J. Walton and W.I. Milne, 'Moving-part-free microfluidic systems for lab-on-a-chip', J. Micromech. Microeng., 19, 054001.1-054001.14 (2009)

S.M. Pfaendler, M.E. Swanwick, A.R. Rachamim, S.H. Dalal, P. Beecher, S.E. Machin, P. Andrew, W.I. Milne and A.J. Flewitt, 'Flexible array sensors based on zinc oxide nanowires for touch displays', Proceedings of the 16th International Display Workshop, 2, 1445-1448 (2009)

A.R. Rachamim, S.H. Dalal, S.M.-L. Pfaendler, M.E. Swanwick, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Quantitative Investigation of the Factors Affecting the Hydrothermal Growth of Zinc Oxide Nanowires', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1174, V11-08 (2009)

S. Dalal, F. Gallo, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Numerical simulation of the growth of ZnO nanostructures in a tube furnace by physical vapour deposition', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 1074, 148-154 (2008)

S.H. Dalal, H.E. Unalan, Y. Zhang, P. Hiralal, L. Gangloff, A.J. Flewitt, G.A.J. Amaratunga and W.I. Milne, 'Synthesis of ZnO nanowires for thin film network transistors', in Proceedings of the SPIE (eds. R. Manijeh, P. Didier and L. Young Hee) 70370W.1-70370W.7 (SPIE, 2008)

X.Y. Du, Y.Q. Fu, S.C. Tan, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, D.S. Lee, N.M. Park, J. Park, Y.J. Choi, S.H. Kim and S. Maeng, 'ZnO film thickness effect on surface acoustic wave modes and acoustic streaming', Appl. Phys. Lett., 93, 094105.1-094105.3 (2008)

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, S.E. Ong, S. Zhang, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'A shape memory microcage of TiNi/DLC films for biological applications', J. Micromech. Microeng., 18, 035026.1-035025.8 (2008)

Y.Q. Fu, S. Sanjabi, Z.H. Barber, W.M. Huang, M. Cai, S. Zhang, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and W.L. Milne, 'In-situ observation of transition between surface relief and wrinkling in thin film shape memory alloys', J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 8, 2588-2596 (2008)

F.M. Li, G.W. Hsieh, S. Dalal, M.C. Newton, J.E. Stott, P. Hiralal, A. Nathan, P.A. Warburton, H.E. Unalan, P. Beecher, A.J. Flewitt, I. Robinson, G. Amaratunga and W.I. Milne, 'Zinc Oxide Nanostructures and High Electron Mobility Nanocomposite Thin Film Transistors', IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, 55, 3001-3011 (2008)

T.J. Mellow, O. Umnova, K. Drossos, K. Holland, A. Flewitt and L. Karkkainen, 'On the adsorption-desorption relaxation time of carbon in very narrow ducts', J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 123, 3141 (2008)

A. Nathan, A.J. Flewitt, J. Hou, S. Miyazaki and J. Yang. A. Nathan, A.J. Flewitt, J. Hou, S. Miyazaki and J. Yang (eds.) Amorphous and Polycrystalline Silicon Thin-Film Science and Technology - 2008 (Materials Research Society, Warrendale, PA, 2008).

H.E. Unalan, D. Wei, K. Suzuki, S. Dalal, P. Hiralal, H. Matsumoto, S. Imaizumi, M. Minagawa, A. Tanioka, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne and G.A.J. Amaratunga, 'Photoelectrochemical cell using dye sensitized zinc oxide nanowires grown on carbon fibers', Appl. Phys. Lett., 93, 133116.1-133116.3 (2008)

P. Beecher, A. Colli, O. Rozhin, P. Servati, A. Fasoli, A.C. Ferrari, A.J. Flewitt, J. Robertson and W.I. Milne, Enhancing performance in ink-jet printed organic semiconductors, Pat. No. WO 2007/138298 A1 (Cambridge Enterprise Limited, GB, 2007).

P. Beecher, P. Servati, A. Rozhin, A. Colli, V. Scardaci, S. Pisana, T. Hasan, A.J. Flewitt, J. Robertson, G.W. Hsieh, F.M. Li, A. Nathan, A.C. Ferrari and W.I. Milne, 'Ink-jet printing of carbon nanotube thin film transistors', J. Appl. Phys., 102, 043710 (2007)

Y. Choi, C. Ducati, Y.Q. Fu, S.P. Speakman and A.J. Flewitt, 'Hafnium oxide deposited at room temperature by reactive rf magnetron sputtering from a metallic target for thin film transistors', in International Thin Film Transistors Conference 2007 (2007)

A. Colli, A. Fasoli, P. Beecher, P. Servati, S. Pisana, Y. Fu, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, J. Robertson, C. Ducati, S.D. Franceschi, S. Hofmann and A.C. Ferrari, 'Thermal and chemical vapor deposition of Si nanowires: Shape control, dispersion, and electrical properties', J. Appl. Phys., 102, 034302 (2007)

W.L. Dang, Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Deposition and characterization of sputtered ZnO films', Superlattices and Microstructures, 42, 89-93 (2007)

X.Y. Du, Y.Q. Fu, S.C. Tan, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S. Maeng, S.H. Kim, Y.J. Choi, D.S. Lee, N.M. Park, J. Park and W.I. Milne, 'ZnO film for application in surface acoustic wave device', J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 76, 012035 (2007)

Y.Q. Fu, X.Y. Du, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, D.S. Lee, N.M. Park, S. Maeng, S.H. Kim, Y.J. Choi and J. Park. 'SAW streaming in ZnO surface acoustic wave micromixer and micropump', in: (Ed.), 2007 IEEE Sensors, Vols 1-3 478-483, IEEE, New York, 2007.

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S.E. Ong, S. Zhang, H.J. Du and W.I. Milne, 'Microactuators of free-standing TiNiCu films', Smart Mater. Struct., , 2651 (2007)

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, W.M. Huang, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Thin film shape memory alloys for optical sensing applications', J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 76, 012032 (2007)

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, S.E. Ong, S. Zhang, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne. 'DLC/TiNi microcage for biopsy applications', in: (Ed.), Smart Sensors, Actuators, and Mems III C5891-C5891, 2007.

D.S. Lee, Y.Q. Fu, S. Maeng, X.Y. Du, S.C. Tan, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S.H. Kim, N.M. Park, H.C. Yoon, W.I. Milne and S.Y. Oh, 'Integrated ZnO Surface Acoustic Wave Microfluidic and Biosensor System', in International Electron Devices Meeting 2007 851-854 (IEEE, San Francisco, 2007) doi:10.1109/IEDM.2007.4419082.

B.A. Mazzeo and A.J. Flewitt, 'Two- and four-electrode, wide-bandwidth, dielectric spectrometer for conductive liquids: Theory, limitations, and experiment', J. Appl. Phys., 102, 104106 (2007)

B.A. Mazzeo and A.J. Flewitt, 'Observation of protein-protein interaction by dielectric relaxation spectroscopy of protein solutions for biosensor application', Appl. Phys. Lett., 90, 123901 (2007)

S.B. Milne, Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S. Pisana, A. Fasoli and W.I. Milne, 'Stress and crystallization of plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition nanocrystalline silicon films', J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 8, 2693-2698 (2007)

W.I. Milne, X.Y. Du, Y.Q. Fu, S.C. Tan, J.K. Luo, S. Pisana, S. Maeng, S.H. Kim, Y.J. Choi, D.S. Lee, N.M. Park, J. Park, A.C. Ferrari and A.J. Flewitt, 'ZnO films for surface acoustic wave microfluidic devices', in Proceedings of the 14th International Display Workshops 1365-1368 (2007)

P. Servati, A. Colli, S. Hofmann, Y.Q. Fu, P. Beecher, Z.A.K. Durrani, A.C. Ferrari, A.J. Flewitt, J. Robertson and W.I. Milne, 'Scalable silicon nanowire photodetectors', Physica E, 38, 64-66 (2007)

A.J. Flewitt. 'Microfabrication technologies', in: E. Gaura and R. Newman (Ed.), Smart MEMS and Sensor Systems 31-105, Imperial College Press, London, 2006.

A.J. Flewitt, S. Lin, W.I. Milne, R.B. Wehrspohn and M.J. Powell, 'Mechanisms for defect creation and removal in hydrogenated and deuterated amorphous silicon studied using thin film transistors', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 910, 449-460 (2006)

A.J. Flewitt, S. Lin, W.I. Milne, R.B. Wehrspohn and M.J. Powell, 'Characterization of defect removal in hydrogenated and deuterated amorphous silicon thin film transistors', J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 352, 1700-1703 (2006)

Y.Q. Fu, Y.W. Gu, C. Shearwood, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Spark plasma sintering of TiNi nano-powders for biological application', Nanotechnol., 17, 5293-5298 (2006)

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S.E. Ong, S. Zhang and W.I. Milne, 'Laser micromachining of sputtered DLC films', Appl. Surf. Sci., 252, 4914-4918 (2006)

Y.Q. Fu, S.B. Milne, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, L. Wang, J.M. Miao and W.I. Milne, 'Variable RF capacitor based on a-Si:H (P-doped) multi-length cantilevers', J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 34, 788 (2006)

Y.Q. Fu, S. Sanjabi, Z.H. Barber, T.W. Clyne, W.M. Huang, M. Cai, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Evolution of surface morphology in TiNiCu shape memory thin films', Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, 171922 (2006)

Y.Q. Fu, S. Zhang, M.J. Wu, W.M. Huang, H.J. Du, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'On the lower thickness boundary of sputtered TiNi films for shape memory application', Thin Solid Films, 515, 80-86 (2006)

J.K. Luo, Y.Q. Fu, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Normally closed microgrippers based on diamond-like carbon structures', Adv. Sci. Technol., 48, 133-141 (2006)

J.K. Luo, R. Huang, J.H. He, Y.Q. Fu, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Modelling and fabrication of low operation temperature microcages with a polymer/metal/DLC trilayer structure', Sensors & Actuators A, 132, 346-353 (2006)

J.K. Luo, M. Lin, Y.Q. Fu, L. Wang, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'MEMS based digital variable capacitors with a high-k dielectric insulator', Sensors & Actuators A, 132, 139-146 (2006)

J.K. Luo, M. Pritschow, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Effects of Process Conditions on Properties of Electroplated Ni Thin Films for Microsystem Applications', J. Electrochem. Soc., 153, D155-D161 (2006)

J.K. Luo, Y. Zhu, Y.Q. Fu, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, J.M. Miao and W.I. Milne, 'Development of thermal actuators with multi-locking positions', in Internalional MEMS Conference 794-799 (2006)

A.J. Flewitt, S.K. Kulkarni, M.A.T. Izmajlowicz, N.A. Morrison and W.I. Milne, 'Kinetics of field-aided nickel induced lateral crystallisation of hydrogenated amorphous silicon', in Nanostructured and advanced materials (eds. A. Vaseashta, D. Dimova-Malinovska and J. M. Marshall) 6287-292 (Springer, Varna, Bulgaria, 2005)

A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Low-temperature deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon in an electron cyclotron resonance reactor for flexible displays', Proc. IEEE, 93, 1364-1373 (2005)

Y.Q. Fu, M. Hu, H. Du, J. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Micromirror structure based on TiNi shape memory thin films', in Smart Structures, Devices, and Systems II (ed. S. F. Al-Sarawi) 145-153 (SPIE, 2005)

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, M. Hu, H.J. Du, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'TiNi shape memory alloy based micropumps', in Smart Sensors, Actuators, and MEMS II (eds. C. Cane, J. C. Chiao and F. V. Verdu) 399-406 (2005)

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, M. Hu, H.J. Du, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Micromirror structure actuated by TiNi shape memory thin films', J. Micromech. Microeng., 15, 1872-1877 (2005)

Y.Q. Fu, J.K. Luo, S.B. Milne, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Residual stress in amorphous and nanocrystalline Si films prepared by PECVD with hydrogen dilution', Mater. Sci. Eng. B, 124-125, 132-137 (2005)

S. Lin, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, R.B. Wehrspohn and M.J. Powell, 'Stability of fully deuterated amorphous silicon thin-film transistors', Appl. Phys. Lett., 86, 063513-3 (2005)

J.K. Luo, D.P. Chu, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Uniformity Control of Ni Thin-Film Microstructures Deposited by Through-Mask Plating', J. Electrochem. Soc., 152, C36-C41 (2005)

J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Comparison of microtweezers based on three lateral thermal actuator configurations', J. Micromech. Microeng., 15, 1294 (2005)

J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Three types of planar structure microspring electro-thermal actuators with insulating beam constraints', J. Micromech. Microeng., 15, 1527-1535 (2005)

J.K. Luo, Y.Q. Fu, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Large displacement spring-like electro-mechanical thermal actuators with insulator constraint beams', in Smart Sensors, Actuators, and MEMS II (eds. C. Cane, J. C. Chiao and F. V. Verdu) 67-77 (2005)

J.K. Luo, J.H. He, A. Flewitt, D.F. Moore, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Development of all metal electrothermal actuator and its applications', Journal of Microlith., Microfab., Microsyst., 4, 023012 (2005)

J.K. Luo, J.H. He, Y.Q. Fu, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Fabrication and characterization of diamond-like carbon/Ni bimorph normally closed microcages', J. Micromech. Microeng., 15, 1406 (2005)

W.I. Milne, J.K. Luo, R. Huang, J.H. He, Y.Q. Fu, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing and N.A. Fleck, 'Normally closed microgrippers based on diamond-like carbon/Ni bimorph and diamond-like carbon/metal/polymer trimorph structures', in Proceedings of the 12th International Display Workshops in Conjunction with Asia Display 2005 1981-1984 (2005)

S. Paul, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne and J. Robertson, 'Instability measurements in amorphous hydrogenated silicon using capacitance-voltage techniques', Appl. Phys. Lett., 86, 202110-3 (2005)

R.B. Wehrspohn, S.F. Lin, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne and M.J. Powell, 'Absence of enhanced stability in fully deuterated amorphous silicon thin-film transistors', J. Appl. Phys., 98, 054505 (2005)

H. Du, Y. Fu, S. Zhang, J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Biopsy applications of Ti50Ni41Cu9 shape memory films for wireless capsule endoscope', in Smart Materials III (ed. A. R. Wilson) 184-193 (SPIE, 2004)

A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne. 'a-Si:H TFT thin film and substrate materials', in: Y. Kuo (Ed.), Thin Film Transistors - Materials and Processes Volume 1: Amorphous silicon thin film transistors 15-78, Kluwer Academic, Massachusetts, 2004.

S. Lin, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne, R.B. Wehrspohn and M.J. Powell, 'Absence of enhanced stability in deuterated amorphous silicon thin film transistors', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 808, 177-182 (2004)

J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Young's modulus of electroplated Ni thin film for MEMS applications', Mater. Lett., 58, 2306-2309 (2004)

J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne. 'Modelling of microspring thermal actuator', in: (Ed.), Nsti Nanotech 2004, Vol 1, Technical Proceedings 355-358, 2004.

J.K. Luo, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Normally closed microgrippers using a highly stressed diamond-like carbon and Ni bimorph structure', Appl. Phys. Lett., 85, 5748-5750 (2004)

J.K. Luo, J.H. He, A.J. Flewitt, D.F. Moore, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Development of all metal electro-thermal actuator and its applications', Proc. SPIE, 5344, 201-210 (2004)

J.K. Luo, J.H. He, A.J. Flewitt, S.M. Spearing, N.A. Fleck and W.I. Milne, 'Microgripper using a diamond like carbon/metal bilayer', in 5th International Conference on Semiconductor Devices and Microsystmes 283-286 (2004)

I.Y.Y. Bu, A.J. Flewitt, J. Robertson and W.I. Milne, 'Microcrystalline silicon thin film growth by electron cyclotron resonance chemical vapour deposition at 80°C for plastic application', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 762, 533-537 (2003)

C. Casiraghi, A.C. Ferrari, R. Ohr, A.J. Flewitt, D.P. Chu and J. Robertson, 'Dynamic roughening of tetrahedral amorphous carbon', Phys. Rev. Lett., 91, 226104 (2003)

M.A.T. Izmajlowicz, A.J. Flewitt, W.I. Milne and N.A. Morrison, 'Directional nickel-induced field aided lateral crystallization of amorphous silicon', J. Appl. Phys., 94, 7535-7541 (2003)

R. Rashid, A.J. Flewitt and J. Robertson, 'Physical and electrical properties of low temperature (< 100° C) SiO2 films deposited by electron cyclotron resonance plasmas', J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A, 21, 728-739 (2003)

A.J. Flewitt, Manufacture of Thin Film Transistors, Pat. No. US6410372 (Koninklijke Philips Electronics N. V., USA, 2002).

A.J. Flewitt, Thin film transistors and their manufacture, Pat. No. US2002119590 (Koninklijke Philips Electronics N. V., USA, 2002).

A.J. Flewitt, Thin film transistors and their manufacture, Pat. No. WO02/07207 A1 (Koninklijke Philips Electronics N. V., Worldwide, 2002).

M.A.T. Izmajlowicz, N.A. Morrison, A.J. Flewitt and W.I. Milne, 'Directional field aided lateral crystallization of amorphous silicon thin films', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 664, A6.7.1-A6.7.6 (2002)

R. Rashid, A. Flewitt, D. Grambole, U. Kreißig, J. Robertson and W. Milne, 'High quality growth of SiO2 at 80 °C by electron cyclotron resonance (ECR) for thin film transistors', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 695E, D13.1.1-D13.1.6 (2002)

A. Flewitt, A. Dyson, J. Robertson and W. Milne, 'Hydrogenated amorphous silicon and silicon nitride deposited at less than 100 °C by ECR-PECVD for thin film transistors', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 609, A28.2.1-A28.2.6 (2001)

A.J. Flewitt, A.P. Dyson, J. Robertson and W.I. Milne, 'Low temperature growth of silicon nitride by electron cyclotron resonance plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition', Thin Solid Films, 383, 172-177 (2001)

A.J. Flewitt, A.P. Dyson, J. Robertson and W.I. Milne, 'ECR-PECVD of silicon nitride and hydrogenated amorphous silicon at 80 °C for TFTs', Proc. Electrochem. Soc., 2000-31, 25-33 (2001)

R. Rashid, A. Flewitt, J. Robertson and W. Milne, 'Low temperature growth of high quality SiO2 at less than 100 °C by ECR-PECVD for thin film transistors', Proc. Electrochem. Soc., 2001-17 (2001)

N.M.J. Conway, A.C. Ferrari, A.J. Flewitt, J. Robertson, W.I. Milne, A. Tagliaferro and W. Beyer, 'Defect and disorder reduction by annealing in hydrogenated tetrahedral amorphous carbon', Diam. Relat. Mat., 9, 765-770 (2000)

A. Flewitt, J. Robertson and W. Milne, 'Experimental evidence for an inhomogeneous surface dangling bond limited growth mechanism in a-Si:H', J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 266-269, 74-77 (2000)

A. Ilie, A. Hart, A. Flewitt, J. Robertson and W. Milne, 'Effect of work function and surface microstructure on field emission of tetrahedral amorphous carbon', J. Appl. Phys., 88, 6002-6010 (2000)

S. Maeng, S. Uchikoga, F. Clough, A. Tagliaferro, A. Flewitt, J. Robertson and W. Milne, 'A carbon based bottom gate thin film transistor', Diamond & Relat. Mater., 9, 805-810 (2000)

A.J. Flewitt, J. Robertson and W.I. Milne, 'Growth mechanism of hydrogenated amorphous silicon studied by in situ scanning tunneling microscopy', J. Appl. Phys., 85, 8032-8039 (1999)

A. Flewitt, M. Froggatt, W. Milne, A. Stephenson and M. Welland, 'In-situ scanning tunnelling microscopy of hydrogenated amorphous silicon and microcrystalline silicon', Appl. Phys. A, 66, S1101-S1105 (1998)

A. Flewitt, W. Milne, A. Robertson, A. Stephenson and M. Welland, 'Scanning tunnelling microscopy study of the growth mechanism for hydrogenated amorphous silicon produced by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition', Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 507, 571-576 (1998)

A. Flewitt, W. Milne and M. Welland. 'In-situ scanning tunnelling microscopy study of hydrogenated amorphous silicon', in: J. M. Marshall (Ed.), Proceedings of the 9th International School on Condensed Matter Physics 341-344, World Scientific, Singapore, 1996.